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- EVALUATION of HEAVY METAL AVAILABILITY IN CONTAMINATED SEDIMENTS FROM THE ILHA SOLTEIRA HYDROELECTRIC DAM on THE PARANA RIVER AT ILHA SOLTEIRA, SP, BRAZIL
- Universidade Estadual Paulista (UNESP)
- Universidade Federal de Mato Grosso do Sul (UFMS)
- Fundação de Amparo à Pesquisa do Estado de São Paulo (FAPESP)
- FAPESP: 06/54946-9
- FAPESP: 07/54738-0
- This paper investigates the availability of cadmium, copper and lead in surface sediment from a contaminated area in the Ilha Solteira hydroelectric dam. The surface sediment (first 5 cm) was fractionated with plastic sieves and the < 63 mu m fraction was subjected to a sequential extraction procedure. The pseudototal concentration of metal species, 306.4, 0.092 and 10.1 mg Kg(-1) for Cu(II), Cd(II) and Pb(II), respectively, was determined by aqua regia digestion, followed by atomic absorption spectrometry. The results obtained from the sequential extraction procedure indicated that about 10% of Cu(II) and Cd(II) were present in the easily mobilized fraction. All the metal species under investigation showed a predominance of reducible fraction, i.e., more than 50%, while the metal content in the third fraction (oxidizable) varied from 12 to 35%. The metal recovery rate was good, with no significant difference between the amount of metals recovered through the extractant steps and the extractable metals (aqua regia). The results indicate that the sediment poses a risk to aquatic organisms, since a slight change in physical chemical parameters such as pH can mobilize this species to the water column.
- Fresenius Environmental Bulletin. Freising: Parlar Scientific Publications (p S P), v. 19, n. 10, p. 2210-2214, 2010.
- Parlar Scientific Publications (p S P)
- BCR sequential extraction
- toxic metals
- surface sediment
- Acesso restrito
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