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- Low glyphosate rates do not affect Citrus limonia (L.) Osbeck seedlings
- Gravena Pesquisa Consultoria & Treinamento Agr Lt
- Universidade de São Paulo (USP)
- Universidade Estadual Paulista (UNESP)
- Universidade Estadual de Campinas (UNICAMP)
- Conselho Nacional de Desenvolvimento Científico e Tecnológico (CNPq)
- BACKGROUND: Glyphosate is used to control weeds in citrus orchards, and accidental spraying or wind drift onto the seedlings may cause growth arrest owing to metabolism disturbance. Two experiments were carried out to investigate the effect of non-lethal rates (0, 180, 360 and 720 g Al ha(-1)) of glyphosate on four-month-old 'Cravo' lime, Citrus limonia (L.) Osbeck, seedlings. Photosynthesis and the concentrations of shikimic acid, total free amino acids and phenolic acids were evaluated.RESULTS: Only transitory effects were observed in the! contents of shikimate and total free amino acids. No visual effects were observed.CONCLUSION: The present study showed that glyphosate at non-lethal rates, which is very usual when accidental spraying or wind drift occurs in citrus orchard, did not cause severe metabolic damage in 'Cravo' lime seedlings. (C) 2009 Society of Chemical Industry
- Pest Management Science. Chichester: John Wiley & Sons Ltd, v. 65, n. 4, p. 420-425, 2009.
- John Wiley & Sons Ltd
- Citrus limonia
- spray drift
- Acesso restrito
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