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- Effect of intravenous alizapride on spinal morphine-induced pruritus
- Hosp Univ Sao Francisco de Paula UCPEL
- Santa Casa Misericordia Pelotas
- Universidade Estadual Paulista (UNESP)
- Background. This double-blind study was undertaken to determine whether alizapride inhibits spinal morphine-induced pruritus.Methods. Eighty-four patients undergoing Caesarean section under spinal anaesthesia (100 mg of hyperbaric lidocaine 5% plus morphine 0.2 mg) were randomly allocated to one of two groups. just after birth, alizapride-50 mg (alizapride group) or metoclopramide 10 mg (metoclopramide group) were injected i.v. Patients were assessed after surgery for pruritus (absent, mild, moderate or severe) or other untoward symptoms.Results. In the metoclopramide group, pruritus was absent in 5 (12%) patients, mild in 23 (55%), moderate in 11 (26%), and severe in 3 (7%), while in the alizapride group, these incidences were, respectively, 5 (12%), 33 (79%), 4 (10%), and 0 (P=0.045, chi(2)-test). There was no difference in the incidence of side-effects, which were all minor.Conclusions. Alizapride reduced the severity of morphine-induced pruritus.
- British Journal of Anaesthesia. Oxford: Oxford Univ Press, v. 91, n. 2, p. 287-289, 2003.
- Oxford University Press
- anaesthesia, obstetric
- analgesics opioid, morphine
- complications, pruritus
- pharmacology, alizapride
- Acesso restrito
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