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- Thyroid cell proliferation in Graves' disease - Use of MIB-1 monoclonal antibody
- Universidade Estadual Paulista (UNESP)
- Univ Porto
- Porto Univ
- OBJECTIVE: To measure thyroid cell proliferation in patients with Graves' disease (GD) before and during treatment with antithyroid drugs.STUDY DESIGN: Patients were assessed by fine needle aspiration biopsy before (n=20) and after 4 (n=19) and 12 months of treatment (n=15) with propylthiouracil or methimazole. Cell proliferation index (CPI) was estimated by immunocytochemistry using MIB-1. CPI was studied in relation to the cytologic parameters of the smears; clinical parameters, such as Wayne's Clinical Index (WCI) and time without treatment; laboratory parameters, such as (131)Iuptake and dosage of serum free thyroxin and thyroid-stimulating hormone; and thyroid ultrasound.RESULTS: CPI varied from 0.00% to 25.00% before treatment, 0.00% to 23.00% at 4 months and 0.00% to 14.84% at 12 months. CPI median values were 6.50%, 4.30% and 3.30%, respectively (before and after 4 months and 12 months of treatment). CPI had a positive correlation with WCI and FT4 at 12 months of treatment.CONCLUSION: Thyroid CPI in GD varies from case to case. However, due to its decreasing pattern during follow-up and its positive correlation with thyrotoxicosis severity, CPI may indicate the functional status of the gland and contribute to a better understanding of GD.
- Acta Cytologica. St Louis: Sci Printers & Publ Inc., v. 48, n. 1, p. 57-63, 2004.
- Sci Printers & Publ Inc
- Graves' disease
- thyroid diseases
- aspiration biopsy
- monoclonal antibodies
- Acesso restrito
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