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- Non-linear 3D finite element analysis of full-arch implant-supported fixed dentures
- Universidade Estadual Paulista (UNESP)
- Universidade Estadual de Campinas (UNICAMP)
- Fundação de Amparo à Pesquisa do Estado de São Paulo (FAPESP)
- FAPESP: 11/15172-6
- FAPESP: 10/09857-3
- Despite the necessity for faster clinical protocols for immediate loading of implant-supported dentures, there is a lack of biomechanical studies to confirm the rigid splinting effectiveness. We compared the stress in mandibular full-arch implant-supported fixed dentures under immediate loading through three-dimensional finite element analysis. Edentulous human mandible models were restored with a 4-implant fixed denture. Implants were splinted with a metallic framework and submitted to conventional loading (group A-control), with acrylic resin and submitted to immediate loading (group B), with a metallic framework and submitted to immediate loading (group C), and with acrylic resin and a prefabricated distal bar and submitted to immediate loading (group D). Models were supported by masticatory muscles. A 100-N oblique load was applied on the first molar. Group A presented the lowest stress and implant displacement values, whereas group D showed the highest values. In bone, groups under immediate loading exhibited the highest stress, whereas the group experiencing conventional loading showed an approximately 50% reduction. All groups submitted to immediate loading presented similar stress values in pen-implant bone. The loading protocol influenced the stress and implant displacement, but the design of the fixed denture did not affect the stress in the pen-implant bone. Rigid splinting of implants submitted to immediate loading is not essential for treatment success. (C) 2014 Elsevier B.V. All rights reserved.
- Materials Science & Engineering C-materials For Biological Applications. Amsterdam: Elsevier Science Bv, v. 38, p. 306-314, 2014.
- Elsevier B.V.
- Dental implant
- Immediate loading
- Computed tomography
- Acesso restrito
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