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In vitro Remineralizing Effect of Fluoride Varnishes Containing Sodium Trimetaphosphate
Universidade Estadual Paulista (UNESP)
Coordenação de Aperfeiçoamento de Pessoal de Nível Superior (CAPES)
This study analyzed the effects of fluoride varnishes supplemented with sodium trimetaphosphate (TMP) on the remineralization of caries-like lesions in vitro. Bovine enamel discs were selected through surface hardness (SH) and caries-like lesions were induced. SH was again determined and the blocks were divided into 7 experimental groups (n = 24/group): placebo (no fluoride or TMP), 5% TMP, 2.5% NaF, 2.5% NaF/5%TMP, 5% NaF, 5% NaF/5%TMP and commercial formulation (Duraphat (TM), 5% NaF), following a blind protocol. Discs were treated with the varnishes and kept in a remineralizing solution for 4 h and a demineralizing solution for 2 h. Varnishes were then removed and half of the discs were used for analysis of loosely (CaF2) and firmly bound fluoride. The remaining discs were submitted to a pH-cycling regimen for 6 days. The percentage of surface hardness recovery (%SHR), cross-sectional hardness (Delta KHN) and enamel CaF2 and fluoride were determined. Data were analyzed by ANOVA and by Student-Newman-Keuls' test (p < 0.05). A dose-response relationship was observed between fluoride concentrations in the varnishes and %SHR. The 5% TMP varnish led to %SHR similar to that obtained for the placebo. When TMP was used in association with fluoride, however, significantly higher %SHR were observed in comparison with their counterparts without TMP. Moreover, Delta KHN obtained for the 5% NaF/5%TMP was significantly lower among all groups tested. Higher concentrations of CaF2 and fluoride were observed for Duraphat and 5% NaF, followed by 5% NaF/5% TMP, 2.5% NaF and 2.5% NaF/5% TMP (p < 0.05). It was concluded that the supplementation of fluoride varnishes with TMP leads to enhanced remineralizing effect of artificial caries lesions in vitro. (C) 2014 S. Karger AG, Basel
Issue Date: 
Caries Research. Basel: Karger, v. 48, n. 4, p. 299-305, 2014.
Time Duration: 
  • Fluoride varnish
  • pH-cycling
  • Polyphosphates
  • Remineralization
Access Rights: 
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Appears in Collections:Artigos, TCCs, Teses e Dissertações da Unesp

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