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- Production of prostaglandins and leukotrienes by Paracoccidioides brasiliensis
- Biondo, G. A.
- Universidade Estadual Paulista (UNESP)
- Paracoccidioides brasiliensis is the causative agent of paracoccidioidomycosis, the most prevalent deep mycosis in Latin America. Production of eicosanoids, including prostaglandins and leukotrienes, during fungal infections is theorized to play a critical role on fungal survival and/or growth as well as on host immune response modulation. Host cells are one source of these mediators; however another potential source may be the fungus itself. The purpose of our study was to assess whether P. brasiliensis strains with different degree of virulence (Pb18, Pb265, PbBT79, Pb192) produce both, prostaglandin E(2) (PGE(2)) and leukotriene B(4) (LTB(4)). Moreover, we asked if P. brasiliensis can use exogenous sources of arachidonic acid (AA), as well as metabolic pathways dependent on cyclooxygenase (COX) and lipoxygenase (5-LO) enzymes, for PGE(2) and LTB(4) production, respectively. Finally, a possible association between these eicosanoids and fungus viability was assessed. We demonstrated, using ELISA assays, that all P. brasiliensis strains, independently of their virulence, produce high PGE(2) and LTB(4) levels after a 4-hour culture, which were reduced after 8 hours. However, in both culture times, higher eicosanoids levels were detected when culture medium was supplemented with exogenous AA. Differently, treatment with indomethacin, a COX inhibitor, or MK886, a 5-LO inhibitor, induces a reduction on PGE(2) and LTB(4) levels, respectively, as well as in fungus viability. The data provide evidence that P. brasiliensis is able to metabolize either endogenous or exogenous AA by pathways that depend on COX and 5-LO enzymes for producing, respectively, PGE(2) and LTB(4) that are critical for its viability.
- Journal of Venomous Animals and Toxins Including Tropical Diseases. Botucatu: Cevap-unesp, v. 15, n. 1, p. 179-179, 2009.
- Universidade Estadual Paulista (UNESP), Centro de Estudos de Venenos e Animais Peçonhentos (CEVAP)
- arachidonic acid
- Acesso aberto
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