You are in the accessibility menu

Please use this identifier to cite or link to this item:
Color alteration, hydrogen peroxide diffusion, and cytotoxicity caused by in-office bleaching protocols
Universidade Estadual Paulista (UNESP)
  • Fundação de Amparo à Pesquisa do Estado de São Paulo (FAPESP)
  • Fundação para o Desenvolvimento da UNESP (FUNDUNESP)
Sponsorship Process Number: 
  • FAPESP: 2010/10378-2
  • FAPESP: 2010/17637-3
  • FUNDUNESP: 0113610
Objectives This study evaluated the color alteration, cytotoxicity, and hydrogen peroxide (HP) diffusion associated with different in-office bleaching protocols. Materials and methods Bovine enamel/dentin disks were subjected to three bleaching sessions with 35 % HP (three 15-min applications), 35 % HP (one 45-min application), or 20 % HP (one 45-min application). The control group was not bleached. Before bleaching, the disks were adapted to artificial pulp chambers positioned in compartments containing 1 ml of acetate buffer or medium, so that the dentin remained in contact with these substances. Immediately after bleaching, the HP that diffused through the disks was stabilized by acetate buffer and was quantified (two-way repeated measures ANOVA/Fisher’s protected least significant difference (PLSD) test; α=5 %). Cells of mouse dental papilla cell-23 (MDPC-23) were incubated in this culture media for 1 h, followed by analysis of cellular metabolism (methyl tetrazolium assay) (one-way ANOVA/Tukey test; α=5 %) and morphology (scanning electron microscopy). The specimen color alteration (ΔE) was analyzed by reflection spectrophotometry (two-way repeated measures ANOVA/Fisher’s PLSD test; α=5 %). Results All protocols showed equal effectiveness at the end of the treatment. HP diffusion was significantly higher in the groups bleached with 35 % HP. Reapplication of 35 % HP resulted in increased diffusion only in the first session; however, the decrease in cell metabolism was similar for all studied protocols. Conclusion Despite greater peroxide diffusion in the groups treated with 35 % HP, all protocols showed the same effectiveness and were cytotoxic to MDPC-23 cells. Clinical relevance Bleaching protocols using high HP concentrations should be avoided because they exert aggressive actions on odontoblast-like cells.
Issue Date: 
Clinical Oral Investigations, v. 19, n. 3, p. 673–680, 2014.
Time Duration: 
  • Cytotoxicity
  • Hydrogen peroxide
  • Bleaching agent
  • Cell culture
Access Rights: 
Acesso restrito
Appears in Collections:Artigos, TCCs, Teses e Dissertações da Unesp

There are no files associated with this item.

Items in DSpace are protected by copyright, with all rights reserved, unless otherwise indicated.