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Investigation, expression, and molecular modeling of ORF2, a metagenomic lipolytic enzyme
  • Universidade Estadual Paulista (UNESP)
  • Universidade de São Paulo (USP)
  • Fundação de Amparo à Pesquisa do Estado de São Paulo (FAPESP)
  • Coordenação de Aperfeiçoamento de Pessoal de Nível Superior (CAPES)
One clone exhibiting lipolytic activity was selected among 30 positives from a metagenomic library of a microbe consortium specialized in petroleum hydrocarbon degradation. From this clone, a sublibrary was constructed and a metagenome contig was assembled and analyzed using the ORF Finder; thus, it was possible to identify a potential ORF that encodes a lipolytic enzyme, denoted ORF2. This ORF is composed of 1035-bp 345 amino acids and displayed 98 % identity with an alpha/beta hydrolase from Pseudomonas nitroreducens (accession number WP024765380.1). When analyzed against a metagenome database, ORF2 also showed 76 % of sequence identity with a hypothetical protein from a marine metagenome (accession number ECT55726.1). The ProtParam analyses indicated that the recombinant protein ORF2 has a molecular mass approximately 39 kDa, as expected from its amino acid sequence, and based on phylogenetic analysis and molecular modeling, it was possible to suggest that ORF2 is a new member from family V. This enzyme exhibits the catalytic triad and conserved motifs typical from this family, wherein the serine residue is located in the central position of the conserved motif GASMGG. The orf2 gene was cloned in the expression vector pET28a, and the recombinant protein was superexpressed in Escherichia coli BL21(DE3) cells. The lipolytic activity of protein bands presented in a SDS-PAGE gel was confirmed by zymogram analyses, indicating ORF2 activity. These discoveries raise the possibility of employing this protein in biotechnological applications, such as bioremediation.
Issue Date: 
Applied Biochemistry And Biotechnology. Totowa: Humana Press Inc, v. 175, n. 8, p. 3875-3887, 2015.
Time Duration: 
Humana Press Inc
  • Esterase
  • Lipase
  • Metagenome
  • Tributyrin
  • Protein modeling
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Appears in Collections:Artigos, TCCs, Teses e Dissertações da Unesp

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