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- Aloe vera bathing improved physical and humoral protection in breeding stock after induced spawning in matrinxa (Brycon amazonicus)
- Universidade Estadual Paulista (UNESP)
- Universidade de Rio Verde (FESURV)
- Centro Nacional de Pesquisa e Conservação de Peixes Continentais (CEPTA/ICMBio)
- Universidade de São Paulo (USP)
- Coordenação de Aperfeiçoamento de Pessoal de Nível Superior (CAPES)
- In this study, we show that induced spawning causes stress, an intense loss of epithelia and immunosuppression, decreasing physical and humoral protection in fish, effects that were prevented or improved in fish bathed with Aloe vera. A. vera has several medicinal properties, including wound healing and immunostimulatory effects, which we observed in this study. Fish bathed with A. vera had a higher number of epidermal goblet cells and, in general, an improved wound healing rate compared with the control after induced spawning. These effects might be related to (1) the stimulation of leukocyte activity, represented here by the increased leukocyte respiratory activity triggered by A. vera (leukocytes are recognized as playing an important role in wound repair); (2) the antimicrobial properties of A. vera, which decrease wound infection and accelerate the healing process; and (3) several mechanisms that explain the healing effect of A. vera (increased collagen synthesis, rate of epithelialization, and anti-inflammatory and moisturizing effects). Our results also suggest that caution is necessary during the induced spawning process, especially during stripping, and A. vera bathing is recommended after intensive aquaculture operations. (C) 2015 Elsevier Ltd. All rights reserved.
- Fish & Shellfish Immunology. London: Academic Press Ltd- Elsevier Science Ltd, v. 45, n. 1, p. 132-140, 2015.
- Elsevier B.V.
- Aloe vera
- Induced spawning
- Skin injury
- Innate immune response
- Brycon amazonicus
- Acesso restrito
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