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Availability of nutrients, productive properties, and quality of sunflower ( L.) seeds in acid soils amended with different molar ratios between Ca and Mg
Universidade Estadual Paulista (UNESP)
Liming is indispensable in acid soils for amending acidity; however, the technique may alter the cation balance in soil and, consequently, may limit the availability and uptake of nutrients. We aimed to evaluate different molar ratios between calcium (Ca) and magnesium (Mg) on the availability of soil nutrients and their influence on the productive properties of sunflower and seed quality. The experiment was carried out in a greenhouse under two types of contrasting soils and six molar combinations of CaCO3and MgCO3 in amendment of soil acidity to raise base saturation to 70%. After incubation, soil analysis was undertaken to verify the ratios obtained and nutrient availability. Morphological and production variables were analyzed at the end of the experiment, as well as accumulation of nutrients in the achenes and their physiological quality. In spite of equal base saturation between the types of soil, there were differences in the available contents of these cations. The increase in the Ca contents limited the Mg contents to the critical level of the sunflower. This result had a negative influence on the production properties of sunflower and physiological quality. In contrast, there was a compensation of the crop with greater accumulation of nutrients in the achenes under lower yield.
Issue Date: 
Archives of Agronomy and Soil Science, v. 61, n. 10, p. 1369-1380, 2015.
Time Duration: 
  • Calcium
  • Magnesium
  • Cations
  • Uptake
  • Physiological quality
Access Rights: 
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Appears in Collections:Artigos, TCCs, Teses e Dissertações da Unesp

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