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- The role of chemokines and chemokine receptors in eosinophil activation during inflammatory allergic reactions
- Universidade Estadual Paulista (UNESP)
- University of Michigan
- Chemokines are important chemotactic cytokines that play a fundamental role in the trafficking of leukocytes to sites of inflammation. They are also potent cell-activating factors, inducing cytokine and histamine release and free radical production, a fact that makes them particularly important in the pathogenesis of allergic inflammation. The action of chemokines is regulated at the level of agonist production and processing as well as at the level of receptor expression and coupling. Therefore, an analysis of the ligands must necessarily consider receptors. Eosinophils are target cells involved in the allergic inflammatory response since they are able to release a wide variety of mediators including CC and CXC chemokines and express their receptors. These mediators could damage the airway epithelial cells and might be important to stimulate other cells inducing an amplification of the allergic response. This review focuses on recently emerging data pertaining to the importance of chemokines and chemokine receptors in promoting eosinophil activation and migration during the allergic inflammatory process. The analysis of the function of eosinophils and their chemokine receptors during allergic inflammation might be a good approach to understanding the determinants of asthma severity and to developing novel therapies.
- Brazilian Journal of Medical and Biological Research. Associação Brasileira de Divulgação Científica, v. 36, n. 11, p. 1455-1463, 2003.
- Associação Brasileira de Divulgação Científica (ABRADIC)
- Chemokine receptors
- Allergic inflammation
- Acesso aberto
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