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- Paralyzing and myotoxic effects of a recombinant bothropstoxin-1 (BthTX-I) on mouse neuromuscular preparations
- Universidade Estadual Paulista (UNESP)
- As a first step to investigate the structure-function relationship of bothropstoxin-1 (BthTX-1), a myotoxin from Bothrops jararacussu snake venom, Our group previously cloned a recombinant toxin (rBthTX-1) in Escherichia coli. The aim or this work was to characterize the biological activities of this rBthTX-1 (1.0 mu M) in both phrenic-diaphragm and extensor digitorum longus preparations in vitro, by means of myographic and morphologic techniques. Native BthTX-1 (1.0 mu M) was used as a standard. The influence of heparin (27.5 mu g/ml) upon the biological activities of both toxins was also investigated. rBthTX-1 had similar effects to the native toxin inducing blockage of both directly and indirectly evoked contractions in phrenic-diaphragm preparations, and muscle damage characterized by edema, round fibers, and cell areas devoid of myofibrils. Interestingly the paralyzing activity of rBthTX-1 was slightly more potent than the native toxin. Heparin prevented paralyzing and myotoxic effects of both the native and recombinant toxins. This work shows that rBthTX-1 was expressed in a fully active form, and presents a biological profile similar to the native toxin. (c) 2005 Elsevier GmbH All rights reserved.
- Experimental and Toxicologic Pathology. Jena: Elsevier Gmbh, Urban & Fischer Verlag, v. 57, n. 3, p. 239-245, 2006.
- Elsevier B.V.
- phospholipase A(2)
- muscle damage
- Acesso restrito
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