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Effects of Ethanol on Synthesis of Prostaglandin F2 alpha in Bovine Females
  • Universidade de São Paulo (USP)
  • Universidade Estadual Paulista (UNESP)
Fundação de Amparo à Pesquisa do Estado de São Paulo (FAPESP)
Ethanol stimulates the production of prostaglandins in many species. The purpose of this study was to verify the effect of ethanol on the production of prostaglandin F2 alpha (PGF2 alpha) and luteolysis in bovine females. In the first experiment, Holstein cows at day 17 of the oestrous cycle were treated with 100% ethanol (0.05 ml/kg of body weight, IV; n = 5), saline (0.05 ml/kg of body weight, IV; n = 4) or synthetic prostaglandin (150 mu g of D-cloprostenol/cow, IM; n = 4). The plasma concentrations of 13, 14-dihydro-15-keto PGF2 alpha (PGFM; the main metabolite of PGF2 alpha measured in the peripheral blood) were assessed by radioimmunoassay (RIA). There was an acute release of PGFM in response to ethanol comparing to other treatments (p <= 0.05). However, only cows treated with PGF2 alpha underwent luteolysis. In the second experiment, endometrial explants of cross-bred beef cows (n = 4) slaughtered at day 17 of the oestrous cycle were cultured for 4 h. During the last 3 h, the explants were cultured with medium supplemented with 0, 0.1, I, 10 or 100 mu l of 100% ethanol/ml. Medium samples were collected at hours 1 and 4 and concentrations of PGF2 alpha were measured by RIA. Ethanol did not induce PGF2 alpha production by the endometrium. In conclusion, ethanol does not cause luteolysis in cows because it stimulates production of PGF2 alpha in extra-endometrial tissues.
Issue Date: 
Reproduction In Domestic Animals. Malden: Wiley-blackwell Publishing, Inc, v. 45, n. 5, p. 846-850, 2010.
Time Duration: 
Wiley-Blackwell Publishing, Inc
Access Rights: 
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Appears in Collections:Artigos, TCCs, Teses e Dissertações da Unesp

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