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- Crystal structure of an acidic platelet aggregation inhibitor and hypotensive phospholipase A(2) in the monomeric and dimeric states: insights into its oligomeric state
- Universidade Estadual Paulista (UNESP)
- Phospholipases A(2) belong to the superfamily of proteins which hydrolyzes the sn-2 acyl groups of membrane phospholipids to release arachidonic acid and lysophospholipids. An acidic phospholipase A(2) isolated from Bothrops juraracussu snake venom presents a high catalytic, platelet aggregation inhibition and hypotensive activities. This protein was crystallized in two oligomeric states: monomeric and dimeric. The crystal structures were solved at 1.79 and 1.90 Angstrom resolution, respectively, for the two states. It was identified a Na+ ion at the center of Ca2+-binding site of the monomeric form. A novel dimeric conformation with the active sites exposed to the solvent was observed. Conformational states of the molecule may be due to the physicochemical conditions used in the crystallization experiments. We suggest dimeric state is one found in vivo. (C) 2004 Elsevier B.V. All rights reserved.
- Biochemical and Biophysical Research Communications. San Diego: Academic Press Inc. Elsevier B.V., v. 323, n. 1, p. 24-31, 2004.
- Elsevier B.V.
- X-ray crystallography
- acidic phospholipase A(2)
- Bothrops jararacussu venom
- platelet aggregation and hypotensive effects
- Crystal structure
- oligomeric state
- dimeric phospholipase A(2)
- Acesso restrito
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