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- TNF-alpha activates human monocytes for Paracoccidioides brasiliensis killing by an H2O2-dependent mechanism
- Universidade Estadual Paulista (UNESP)
- Human monocytes activated by recombinant tumor necrosis factor alpha (TNF-alpha) exhibited significant fungicidal activity on the yeast cells of a highly virulent strain of Paracoccidioides brasiliensis. This process was significantly inhibited in the presence of catalase (CAT - a scavenger of H2O2), but not in the presence of superoxide-dismutase (SOD - a scavenger of superoxide anion) or N-G-monomethyl-L- arginine (N-G-MMLA - a nitric oxide inhibitor). Furthermore, there was a direct association between the intracellular killing of the fungus and the production of H2O2 by activated cells. These results strongly suggest a role for H2O2 in the killing of highly virulent strains of P. brasiliensis by TNF-alpha-activated human monocytes.
- Medical Mycology. Abingdon: Taylor & Francis Ltd, v. 44, n. 4, p. 363-368, 2006.
- Taylor & Francis Ltd
- P. brasiliensis
- fungicidal activity
- Acesso restrito
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