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- Interleukin-15 increases Paracoccidioides brasiliensis killing by human neutrophils
- Universidade Estadual Paulista (UNESP)
- Interleukin-15 is a cytokine produced by a wide range of different cell types, including macrophages, in response to lipopolysaccharide or microbial infection. This cytokine may play a crucial role in the activation of phagocytic cells against pathogens, especially during innate immune response. The effects of IL-15 on human polymorphonuclear leukocyte fungicidal activity against a highly virulent Paracoccidioides brasiliensis strain were investigated. Pretreatment of human neutrophils from healthy individuals with IL-15 for IS h increased cell fungicidal activity in a dose-dependent manner. In addition, the exposure to IL-15 induced an increase in neutrophil oxidative burst as evaluated by superoxide anion and H(2)O(2) release. Catalase inhibited fungicidal activity supporting a role for H(2)O(2) in fungus killing. In contrast, IL-8 and TNF-alpha levels were not affected by IL-15 suggesting that its effects were not mediated by these cytokines. Together, these results show that IL-15 is a potent stimulant of antifungal activities in human neutrophils, at least in part by a mechanism dependent on oxidative metabolism. (c) 2007 Elsevier Ltd. All rights reserved.
- Cytokine. London: Academic Press Ltd- Elsevier B.V. Ltd, v. 41, n. 1, p. 48-53, 2008.
- Academic Press Ltd Elsevier B.V. Ltd
- Paracoccidioides brasiliensis
- human neutrophil
- hydrogen peroxide
- fungicidal activity
- Acesso restrito
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