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- Phylogenetic analysis reveals a high level of speciation in the Paracoccidioides genus
- Universidade de Brasília (UnB)
- Universidade Estadual Paulista (UNESP)
- Universidade Federal de Mato Grosso (UFMT)
- Venezuelan Inst Sci Res IVIC
- Michigan State University
- Conselho Nacional de Desenvolvimento Científico e Tecnológico (CNPq)
- Paracoccidioidomycosis (PCM) is a systemic disease endemic to most of Latin America, with greatest impact in rural areas. The taxonomic status of one of the best studied Paracoccidioides isolates (Pb01) as A brasiliensis remains unresolved due to its genomic differences from the other three previously described phylogenetic species (S1, PS2 and PS3; Carrero et al., 2008. Fungal Genet. Biol. 45, 605). Using the genealogic concordance method of phylogenetic species recognition (GCPSR) via maximum parsimony and Bayesian analysis, we identified a clade of 17 genotypically similar isolates, including Pb01, which are distinct from the S1/PS2/P3 clade. Consistent with GCPSR, this "Pb01-like" group can be considered a new phylogenetic species, since it is strongly supported by all independent and concatenated genealogies. "Pb01-like" species exhibit great sequence and morphological divergence from the S1/PS2/PS3 species clade, and we estimate that these groups last shared a common ancestor approximately 32 million years ago. In addition, recombination analysis revealed independent events inside both main groups suggesting reproductive isolation. Consequently, we recommend the formal description of the "Pb01-like" cluster as the new species Paracoccidioides lutzii, a tribute to Adolpho Lutz, discoverer of P. brasiliensis in 1908. (C) 2009 Elsevier B.V. All rights reserved.
- Molecular Phylogenetics and Evolution. San Diego: Academic Press Inc. Elsevier B.V., v. 52, n. 2, p. 273-283, 2009.
- Academic Press Inc. Elsevier B.V.
- Genealogical concordance
- Phylogenetic species
- Molecular phylogeny
- Paracoccidioides brasiliensis
- Paracoccidioides lutzii
- Acesso restrito
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