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- Detection of hybrids and genetic introgression in wild stocks of two catfish species (Siluriformes: Pimelodidae): The impact of hatcheries in Brazil
- Universidade Estadual Paulista (UNESP)
- Ctr Nacl Pesquisa & Conservacao Peixes Continenta
- Fundação de Amparo à Pesquisa do Estado de São Paulo (FAPESP)
- Conselho Nacional de Desenvolvimento Científico e Tecnológico (CNPq)
- Molecular markers (Multiplex-PCR and PCR-RFLP of nuclear and mitochondrial genes) were used to assess the frequency of hybrids in wild stocks of two catfish species: Pseudoplatystoma corruscans and Pseudoplatystoma reticulatum. Analysis of fish from the Paraguay-Parana hydrographic basin (Brazil) revealed a low frequency of hybrids in the Parana River (3.60%), which might be the result of natural hybridisation. However, the frequency of hybrids was higher in the Mogi Guacu (50.00%) and Aquidauana (30.75%) Rivers, whose aquaculture systems support the majority of Brazil's fish farms, suggesting that the existence of hybrids in wild populations may be due to introduction or escapes from farm stocks. Furthermore, the identification of a post-F1 individual in the Mogi-Guacu River provides evidence of genetic introgression. These results show that safeguards are needed to ensure the correct handling of hybrids and the protection of native species. (C) 2012 Elsevier B.V. All rights reserved.
- Fisheries Research. Amsterdam: Elsevier B.V., v. 125, p. 300-305, 2012.
- Elsevier B.V.
- Interspecific hybrid
- Molecular markers
- Genetic conservation
- Acesso restrito
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