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- Jelleines: a family of antimicrobial peptides from the Royal Jelly of honeybees (Apis mellifera)
- Universidade Estadual Paulista (UNESP)
- Univ Santa Cruz
- Instituto Butantan
- Four antimicrobial peptides were purified from Royal Jelly of honeybees, by using reverse phase-HPLC and sequenced by using Q-Tof-MS/MS: PFKLSLHL-NH2 (Jelleine-I), TPFKLSLHL-NH2 (Jelleine-II), EPFKLSLHL-NH2 (Jelleine-III), and TPFKLSLH-NH2 (Jelleine-IV). The peptides were synthesized on-solid phase, purified and submitted to different biological assays: antimicrobial activity, mast cell degranulating activity and hemolysis. The Jelleines-I-III presented exclusively antimicrobial activities against yeast, Gram+ and Gram- bacteria; meanwhile, Jelleine-IV was not active in none of the assays performed. These peptides do not present any similarity with the other antimicrobial peptides from the honeybees; they are produced constitutively by the workers and secreted into Royal Jelly. (C) 2004 Elsevier B.V. All rights reserved.
- Peptides. New York: Elsevier B.V., v. 25, n. 6, p. 919-928, 2004.
- Elsevier B.V.
- royal jelly
- Africanized honeybees
- Apis mellifera
- mass spectrometry
- antimicrobial peptides
- Acesso restrito
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