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Markers of cell death in salivary glands of males of the tick Rhipicephalus sanguineus (Latreille, 1806) (Acari, Ixodidae)
Universidade Estadual Paulista (UNESP)
The salivary glands of Rhipicephalus sanguineus males at stages: unfed (control), at day seven post-attachment, and at days three and seven post-detachment from the host were examined using methods of enzymatic analysis and cell viability. At these stages of feeding, different staining patterns were observed in the cells of type IV, III, II and I acini, which were affected by degeneration in this sequence. Acid phosphatase reaction was inversely proportional to that of ATPase, while ATPase reaction was proportional to membrane integrity.Salivary gland cells of unfed males exhibited intact nucleus and plasma membrane, suggesting that the acid phosphatase detected may participate in the normal physiology of acini. In males at day seven post-attachment, intact membranes were observed in almost all types of acini, as well as stronger reaction for acid phosphatase, nuclear changes, and decrease in ATPase reaction, changes associated with the degenerative process. At days three and seven post-detachment degeneration progress, being observed loss of membrane integrity, nuclear changes, prominent decrease in ATPase reaction, and an increase in acid phosphatase reaction in the first case and a decreased of it at day seven post-detachment from the host. During cell death, alterations occurred in the following sequence: a) nuclear changes, b) loss of ATPase reaction, c) loss of integrity of the plasma membrane, and d) increase of acid phosphatase. The latter might be associated with the late degradation of cytoplasmic remnants, characterizing the process of cell death in glands of R. sanguineus males as atypical or non-classic apoptosis. (C) 2008 Elsevier B.V. All rights reserved.
Issue Date: 
Parasitology International. Clare: Elsevier B.V., v. 57, n. 3, p. 396-404, 2008.
Time Duration: 
Elsevier B.V.
  • Rhipicephalus sanguineus
  • Salivary gland
  • Ticks
  • males
  • Apoptosis
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Appears in Collections:Artigos, TCCs, Teses e Dissertações da Unesp

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