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Spermatogenesis chronology in Achroia grisella Fabricius (Lepidoptera, Pyralidae) comparing eupyrene and apyrene spermiogenesis
Universidade Estadual Paulista (UNESP)
Achroia grisella exhibit dichotomous spermatogenesis producing two types of sperm, one is eupyrene that possesses nucleus, and the other is apyrene that lacks it. Transmission electron microscopy of spermatogenesis morphology is described considering sperm type which will appear at sonic point during insect development, and differences that mark the two types of sperm formation. The differences between them are only really visible during spermiogenesis even though they were determined before meiosis. Both forms were seen in the larval stage, but there is a little difference in the time of their appearance. Eupyrene cysts were seen from the 8(th) larval stage, whereas apyrene were only found after the 10(th) stage. In early insect development stages, eupyrene cysts predominate, but as the insect ages, they are overtaken by apyrene. Although some eupyrene cysts are still present in young adult testis, the majority are apyrene. As eupyrene sperm is formed, bundles migrate to the seminal vesicle therefore in early pupae eupyrene sperm are already present there whereas apyrene cells arrive later. The exact mechanism and determining factors responsible for apyrene sperm origin are still to be clarified. The probable causes of apyrene sperm appearance are discussed as well as its role in the sperm competition.
Issue Date: 
Animal Biology. Leiden: Brill Academic Publishers, v. 58, n. 1, p. 1-11, 2008.
Brill Academic Publishers
  • morphology
  • ultrastructure
  • spermatogenic phases
  • sperm dichotomy
  • temporal differences
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Appears in Collections:Artigos, TCCs, Teses e Dissertações da Unesp

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