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- Shear viscosity from thermal fluctuations in relativistic conformal fluid dynamics
- Universidade Estadual Paulista (UNESP)
- FCEyN UBA
- IFIBA CONICET
- Agencia Nacional de Promoción Científica y Tecnológica (ANPCYT)
- Consejo Nacional de Investigaciones Científicas y Técnicas (CONICET)
- UBA (Argentina)
- Fundação de Amparo à Pesquisa do Estado de São Paulo (FAPESP)
- UBA (Argentina): UBACYT X032
- Within the framework of relativistic fluctuating hydrodynamics we compute the contribution of thermal fluctuations to the effective infrared shear viscosity of a conformal fluid, focusing on quadratic (in fluctuations), second order (in velocity gradients) terms in the conservation equations. Our approach is based on the separation of hydrodynamic fields in soft and ultrasoft sectors, in which the effective shear viscosity arises due to the action of the soft modes on the evolution of the ultrasoft ones. We find that for a strongly coupled fluid with small shear viscosity-to-entropy ratio eta/s the contribution of thermal fluctuations to the effective shear viscosity is small but significant. Using realistic estimates for the strongly coupled quark-gluon plasma created in heavy ion collisions, we find that for eta/s close to the AdS/CFT lower bound 1/(4 pi) the correction is positive and at most amounts to 10% in the temperature range 200-300MeV, whereas for larger values eta/s similar to 2/(4 pi) the correction is negligible. For weakly coupled theories the correction is very small even for eta/s = 0.08 and can be neglected.
- Journal of High Energy Physics. New York: Springer, n. 2, p. 25, 2012.
- Phenomenological Models
- Quantum Dissipative Systems
- Acesso restrito
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