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Chiral symmetry breaking in QCD-like gauge theories with a confining propagator and dynamical gauge boson mass generation
  • Univ Tecnol Fed Parana UTFPR
  • Universidade Estadual Paulista (UNESP)
  • Conselho Nacional de Desenvolvimento Científico e Tecnológico (CNPq)
  • Fundação de Amparo à Pesquisa do Estado de São Paulo (FAPESP)
We study chiral symmetry breaking in QCD-like gauge theories introducing a confining effective propagator, as proposed recently by Cornwall, and considering the effect of dynamical gauge boson mass generation. The effective confining propagator has the form 1/(k(2) + m(2))(2) and we study the bifurcation equation finding limits on the parameter m below which a satisfactory fermion mass solution is generated. Considering the evidence that the coupling constant and the gauge boson propagator are damped in the infrared, due to the presence of dynamically massive gauge bosons, the major part of the chiral breaking is mostly due to the confining propagator. We study the asymptotic behavior of the gap equation containing confinement and massive gauge boson exchange, and find that the symmetry breaking can be approximated at some extent by an effective four-fermion interaction generated by the confining propagator. We compute some QCD chiral parameters as a function of m, finding values compatible with the experimental data. Within this approach we expect that lattice simulations should not see large differences between the confinement and chiral symmetry breaking scales independent of the fermionic representation and we find a simple approximate relation between the fermion condensate and dynamical mass for a given representation as a function of the parameters appearing in the effective confining propagator. (C) 2011 Elsevier B.V. All rights reserved.
Issue Date: 
Annals of Physics. San Diego: Academic Press Inc. Elsevier B.V., v. 327, n. 4, p. 1030-1049, 2012.
Time Duration: 
Academic Press Inc. Elsevier B.V.
  • Nonperturbative techniques
  • Nonperturbative calculations
  • General properties of QCD (dynamics, confinement)
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Appears in Collections:Artigos, TCCs, Teses e Dissertações da Unesp

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