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- Effective nonlinear Schrodinger equations for cigar-shaped and disc-shaped Fermi superfluids at unitarity
- Universidade Estadual Paulista (UNESP)
- Univ Padua
- Fundação de Amparo à Pesquisa do Estado de São Paulo (FAPESP)
- Conselho Nacional de Desenvolvimento Científico e Tecnológico (CNPq)
- Institute for Mathematical Sciences of National University of Singapore
- Fondazione CARIPARO
- In the case of tight transverse confinement (cigar-shaped trap), the three-dimensional (3D) nonlinear Schrodinger equation, describing superfluid Fermi atoms at unitarity (infinite scattering length vertical bar a vertical bar -> infinity), is reduced to an effective 1D form by averaging over the transverse coordinates. The resultant effective equation is a 1D nonpolynomial Schrodinger equation, which produces results in good agreement with the original 3D one. In the limit of small and large fermion numbers N, the nonlinearity is of simple power-law type. A similar reduction of the 3D theory to a 2D form is also performed for a tight axial confinement (disc-shaped trap). The resultant effective 2D nonpolynomial equation also produces results in agreement with the original 3D equation and has simple power-law nonlinearity for small and large N. For both cigar- and disc-shaped superfluids, our nonpolynomial Schrodinger equations are quite attractive for phenomenological applications.
- New Journal of Physics. Bristol: Iop Publishing Ltd, v. 11, p. 19, 2009.
- Iop Publishing Ltd
- Acesso aberto
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