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- Ferroelectric fatigue endurance of Bi4-xLaxTi3O12 thin films explained in terms of x-ray photoelectron spectroscopy
- Universidade Estadual Paulista (UNESP)
- Georgia Inst Technol
- The nature of defects in polycrystalline Bi4-xLaxTi3O12 (BLT) thin films with x=0.00, 0.25, 0.50, and 0.75 was evaluated by x-ray photoemission spectroscopy measurements. The influence of oxygen vacancies and substitution of Bi for La atoms were discussed. In the BLT thin films, it was found that the oxygen ions at the metal-oxygen octahedral were much more stable than those at the [Bi2O2] layers. on the other hand, for Bi4Ti3O12 (BIT) thin film, oxygen vacancies could be induced both at the titanium-oxygen octahedral and at the [Bi2O2] layers. The oxygen-vacancy defect pairs determined in BIT and Bi3.75La0.25Ti3O12 (BLT025) can pin the polarization of surrounding lattices leading to fatigue of capacitors. Meanwhile, the concentration of similar defect pairs is relatively low in heavily doped BIT films and then good fatigue resistance is observed.
- Journal of Applied Physics. Melville: Amer Inst Physics, v. 101, n. 8, 6 p., 2007.
- American Institute of Physics (AIP)
- Acesso restrito
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