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- Virulence properties and antimicrobial susceptibility of Shiga toxin-producing Escherichia coli strains isolated from healthy cattle from Parana State, Brazil
- Universidade Federal do Paraná (UFPR)
- Universidade Estadual Paulista (UNESP)
- Adolfo Inst
- Cent Lab Parana
- Conselho Nacional de Desenvolvimento Científico e Tecnológico (CNPq)
- Coordenação de Aperfeiçoamento de Pessoal de Nível Superior (CAPES)
- The presence of Shiga toxin-producing Escherichia coli (STEC) strains in feces samples of cattle was determined using the cytotoxicity assay on Vero cells and a screening PCR system to detect stx genes. The STEC isolates were sero-typed, tested for antimicrobial Susceptibility, and analyzed for virulence genes using multiplex PCR. The verocytotoxin-producing E. coli - reverse passive latex agglutination (VTEC-RPLA) assay was also used to detect Shiga toxin production. The frequency of cattle shedding STEC was 36%. The isolates belonged to 33 different serotypes. of which O10:H42, O98:H41, and O159:H21 had not previously been associated with STEC. The most frequent serotypes were ONT:H7 (10%), O22:H8 (7%) O22:H16 (7%), and ONT:H21 (7%). Most of the strains (96%) were susceptible to all antimicrobial agents tested. Shiga toxin was detected by the VTEC-RPLA assay in most (89%) of the STEC strains. The frequency of virulence markers was as follows: stx(1), 10%; stx(2), 43%; stx(1), plus stx(2), 47%; ehxA, 44%; eae, 1%; and saa, 38%. Several strains belong to serotypes associated with human disease, and most of them carried a stx(2)-type gene, suggesting that they represent a risk to human health. The screening PCR assay showed fewer false-negative results for STEC than the Vero-cell assay and is suitable for laboratory routine.
- Canadian Journal of Microbiology. Ottawa: Natl Research Council Canada-n R C Research Press, v. 54, n. 7, p. 588-593, 2008.
- Natl Research Council Canada-n R C Research Press
- stx genes
- Virulence genes
- Shiga toxin
- antimicrobial susceptibility
- Acesso restrito
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