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Signaling path of the action of AVP on distal K+ secretion
  • Universidade de São Paulo (USP)
  • Universidade Estadual Paulista (UNESP)
Background. Previous studies from our laboratory have shown that luminal perfusion with arginine vasopressin (AVP) stimulates distal tubule secretory potassium flux (J(K)) via V1 receptors (Am J Physiol 278: F809- F816, 2000). In the present work, we investigate the cell signaling mechanism of this process.Methods. In vivo stationary microperfusion was performed in rat cortical distal tubules and luminal K was measured using double K+ resin/reference microelectrodes.Results. In control conditions, J(K) was 0.71 +/- 0.05 nmol. cm(-2).second(-1); this process was inhibited (14%) by 10(-5) mol/L 8-bromo-cyclic adenosine monophosphate (cAMP), and increased by 35% with 10(-8) mol/L phorbol ester [phorbol 12-myristate 13-acetate (PMA), which activates protein kinase C (PKC)]. During luminal perfusion with 10(-11) mol/L AVP, J(K) increased to 0.88 +/- 0.08 nmol. cm(-2).seconds(-1). In the presence of 10(-11) mol/L AVP, J(K) was not affected by 10(-4) mol/L H89, a blocker of protein kinase A (PKA), but was inhibited (45%) by 10(-5) mol/L staurosporine, an inhibitor of PKC, and by 41% during perfusion with 5 x 10(-5) mol/L of the cell Ca2+ chelator bis (2-aminophenoxy) ethane-tetraacetic acid (BAPTA). In order to study the role of Ca2+-dependent K channels in the luminal hormonal action, the tubules were perfused with 5 mmol/L tetraethylammonium chloride (TEA) or 10(-7) mol/L iberiotoxin, in the presence of AVP, and JK was significantly reduced by both agents. Iberiotoxin reduced AVP-stimulated J(K) by 36.4%, and AVP-independent J(K) (after blocking V1 receptors) by only 16%.Conclusion. The results suggest that the luminal V1-receptor effect of AVP on J(K) was mediated by the phospholipase C (PLC)/ Ca2+/PKC signaling path and not by adenylate cyclase/cAMP/PKA, therefore probably acting on maxi-potassium channels.
Issue Date: 
Kidney International. Malden: Blackwell Publishing Inc., v. 66, n. 2, p. 696-704, 2004.
Time Duration: 
Blackwell Publishing
  • potassium
  • distal tubule
  • PKC
  • maxi-potassium channels
  • cell signaling
  • cAMP
  • staurosporin
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Appears in Collections:Artigos, TCCs, Teses e Dissertações da Unesp

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