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- Dehydromonocrotaline induces cyclosporine A-insensitive mitochondrial permeability transition/cytochrome c release
- Universidade Estadual Paulista (UNESP)
- Universidade de São Paulo (USP)
- Fundação de Amparo à Pesquisa do Estado de São Paulo (FAPESP)
- Conselho Nacional de Desenvolvimento Científico e Tecnológico (CNPq)
- FAPESP: 04/09882-7
- Monocrotaline (MCT) is a pyrrolizidine alkaloid present in plants of the genus Crotalaria that causes cytotoxicity and genotoxicity in animals and humans. It is well established that the toxicity of MCT results from its hepatic bioactivation to dehydromonocrotaline (DHM), an alkylating agent, but the exact mechanism of action remains unknown. In a previous study, we demonstrated DHM's inhibition of mitochondrial NADH-dehydrogenase activity at micromolar concentrations, which is an effect associated with a significant reduction in ATP synthesis. As a follow-up study, we have evaluated the ability of DHM to induce mitochondrial permeability transition (MPT) and its associated processes in isolated rat liver mitochondria. In the presence of 10 mu M Ca(2+), DHM (50-250 mu M) elicited MPT in a concentration-dependent, but cyclosporine A-independent manner, as assessed by mitochondrial swelling, which is associated with mitochondrial Ca(2+) efflux and cytochrome c release. DHM (50-250 mu M) did not cause hydrogen peroxide accumulation but did deplete endogenous glutathione and NAD(P)H, while oxidizing protein thiol groups. These results potentially indicate the involvement of mitochondria, via apoptosis, in the well-documented cytotoxicity of monocrotaline. (C) 2009 Elsevier Ltd. All rights reserved.
- Toxicon. Oxford: Pergamon-Elsevier B.V. Ltd, v. 54, n. 1, p. 16-22, 2009.
- Pergamon-Elsevier B.V. Ltd
- Protein thiol oxidation
- Mitochondrial permeability transition
- Cytochrome c
- Acesso restrito
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