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Benefits of using the probiotic Efinol((R))L during transportation of cardinal tetra, Paracheirodon axelrodi (Schultz), in the Amazon
  • Florida Int Univ
  • Universidade Federal do Amazonas (UFAM)
  • Universidade Estadual Paulista (UNESP)
  • Florida Atlantic Univ
  • Universidade Federal de Santa Maria (UFSM)
  • Empresa Brasileira de Pesquisa Agropecuária (EMBRAPA)
  • National Geographic Conservation Fund
  • Brazilian Ministry of Science and Technology
  • Federal Environmental Agency
  • Conselho Nacional de Desenvolvimento Científico e Tecnológico (CNPq)
Sponsorship Process Number: 
  • National Geographic Conservation Fund: C47-04
  • Brazilian Ministry of Science and Technology: EXC 023/05
  • Federal Environmental Agency: 098/2005
The objective of this experiment was to test the probiotic Efinol((R))L during transportation of cardinal tetra, Paracheirodon axelrodi (Schultz). For the transportation, fish were distributed in 18 plastic tanks, of which nine contained the Efinol((R))L (10 mg L-1; probiotic treatment) and the remaining had no probiotic (control treatment). Transport lasted 24 h and three different boxes of each treatment were sampled at 3, 12 and 24 h. Up to the 12-h sampling period, no significant difference in the survival was observed; on the other hand, survival was higher at the end of the transport (24 h) in the probiotic treatment. No significant difference was found in dissolved oxygen and temperature between treatments. Conductivity, pH and alkalinity increased along the transport, but without a difference between treatments. Ammonia increased in all treatments, although it was significantly lower in the probiotic group at 24 h. Cortisol levels were significantly higher in all transported fish when compared with the basal values. At 24 h, cortisol levels in control fish were significantly higher than those in the probiotic treatment. With the observed results, we are able to conclude that the probiotic Efinol((R))L is efficient during cardinal transport, lowering the mortality and helping maintain water quality possibly by lowering metabolic wastes.
Issue Date: 
Aquaculture Research. Malden: Wiley-blackwell, v. 40, n. 2, p. 157-165, 2009.
Time Duration: 
  • probiotic
  • survival
  • Amazon
  • ornamental fish
  • ion flux
  • body cortisol
Access Rights: 
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Appears in Collections:Artigos, TCCs, Teses e Dissertações da Unesp

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