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Performance and economic indicators of a large scale fish farming in Mato Grosso, Brazil
  • Universidade Estadual Paulista (UNESP)
  • Universidade do Estado de Mato Grosso (UNEMAT)
  • Centro de Aquicultura Departamento de Economia Rural
Fundação de Amparo à Pesquisa do Estado de Mato Grosso (FAPEMAT)
Performance and economic indicators of a large scale fish farm that produces round fish, located in Mato Grosso State, Brazil, were evaluated. The 130.8 ha-water surface area was distributed in 30 ponds. Average total production costs and the following economic indicators were calculated: gross income (GI), gross margin (GM), gross margin index (GMI), profitability index (PI) and profit (P) for the farm as a whole and for ten ponds individually. Production performance indicators were also obtained, such as: production cycle (PC), apparent feed conversion (FC), average biomass storage (ABS), survival index (SI) and final average weight (FAW). The average costs to produce an average 2.971 kg.ha-1 per year were: R$ 2.43, R$ 0.72 and R$ 3.15 as average variable, fixed and total costs, respectively. Gross margin and profit per year per hectare of water surface were R$ 2,316.91 and R$ 180.98, respectively. The individual evaluation of the ponds showed that the best pond performance was obtained for PI 38%, FC 1.7, ABS 0.980 kg.m-2, TS 56%, FAW 1.873 kg with PC of 12.3 months. The worst PI was obtained for the pond that displayed losses of 138%, FC 2.6, ABS 0.110 kg.m-2, SI 16% and FAW 1.811 kg. However, large scale production of round-fish in farms is economically feasible. The studied farm displays favorable conditions to improve performance and economic indicators, but it is necessary to reproduce the breeding techniques and performance indicators achieved in few ponds to the entire farm.
Issue Date: 
Revista Brasileira de Zootecnia. Sociedade Brasileira de Zootecnia, v. 41, n. 6, p. 1325-1331, 2012.
Time Duration: 
Sociedade Brasileira de Zootecnia
  • costs
  • income
  • ponds
  • profitability
  • round fish
Access Rights: 
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Appears in Collections:Artigos, TCCs, Teses e Dissertações da Unesp

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