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- Chromosome damage induced by 5-azacytidine under the influence of caffeine or cytosine arabinoside in CHO-K1 (wild-type) and XRS-5 (mutant) cell lines
- Universidade de São Paulo (USP)
- Universidade Estadual Paulista (UNESP)
- 5-azacytidine (5-azaC) treatment combined with cytosine arabinoside (ara-C) or caffeine were performed in vitro in Chinese hamster cells, CHO-K1 (wild-type) and xrs-5 (mutant) cell lines, in order to compare the cell response to the induction of chromosomal aberrations. Exponentially growing cells were treated with 5-azaC (4-16 uM) for 1 h, the cells were washed and incubated for 7 h, and 500 uM caffeine or 5 uM ara-C were added to the cultures for the last 2 h. In both cell lines, 5-azaC induced a significantly increase (P<0.01) in the frequencies of aberrations; in the combined treatments (5-azaC + Ara-C), a significant reduction (P<0.05) was observed for the aberrations which were randomly distributed. Caffeine had no influence at the same conditions. 5-azaC induced-DNA lesions were probably processed at S/G2 phase in a common pathway in both cell lines, but alternatively, 5-azaC may cause xrs-5 cells to revert to the wild-type.
- Cancer Research, Therapy and Control, v. 11, n. 2, p. 125-134, 2001.
- Chromosomal aberrations
- Cytosine arabionside
- animal cell
- cell cycle G2 phase
- cell cycle S phase
- cell growth
- cell line
- CHO cell
- chromosome aberration
- chromosome damage
- controlled study
- priority journal
- Acesso restrito
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