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Efeito da salinidade e do esgoto orgânico sobre a comunidade zooplanctônica, com ênfase nos copépodes, do estuário do rio Itanhaém, Estado de São Paulo
Other Titles: 
Effects of salinity and organic wastes on zooplancton community, with emphasis on copepodes, in the Itanhaém river estuary, São Paulo state
Universidade Estadual Paulista (UNESP)
The objective of this work is to analyze the effects of salinity and wastewater on the zooplankton community of the Itanhaém river estuary, São Paulo state. Samples of zooplankton as well as physical and chemical variables of water were collected in four sites, located between the coastal line and the superior part of the estuary, including a secondary channel where wastewater is thrown without previous treatment. The samples were collected in low and high tide in winter and summer. Results showed that the estuary presents a temporal and spatial variation of physical and chemical characteristics, especially salinity, in function of the tide and seasonal variation of rain. The high values of salinity occurred in winter and high tide. Zooplankton community was adapted to the dynamic of salinity, and marine and estuarine species occurred in the low part of the estuary in winter. Although the Itanhaém river estuary has the same temporal and spatial dynamic of other estuaries, the values of salinity are low when compared with others located in the southern coast of São Paulo. Consequently, mainly oligohaline and fresh water species constitute the zooplankton community. These characteristics are due to the great drainage area of the Itanhaém river basin. The waste water modified physical and chemical characteristics of water that now presents higher concentrations of nutrients, higher values of suspended matter and lower concentrations of oxygen. It was observed a positive relation between the density of nauplii of copepods and organic pollution in this estuary.
Issue Date: 
Acta Scientiarum - Biological Sciences, v. 26, n. 1, p. 9-17, 2004.
Time Duration: 
  • Copepod
  • Estuary
  • Nauplii
  • Organic pollution
  • Salinity
  • fresh water
  • rain
  • coastal waters
  • copepod
  • ebb tide
  • estuary
  • evolutionary adaptation
  • flood tide
  • nonhuman
  • nutrient availability
  • organic pollution
  • organic waste
  • organism community
  • oxygen concentration
  • river
  • salinity
  • seasonal variation
  • suspended particulate matter
  • waste water
  • water sampling
  • zooplankton
  • Copepoda
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Appears in Collections:Artigos, TCCs, Teses e Dissertações da Unesp

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