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Lipoic acid and ascorbic acid affect plasma free amino acids selectively in the teleost fish pacu (Piaractus mesopotamicus)
  • Ohio State University
  • Institute of Aquaculture Research
  • Aquaculture Protein Centre
  • Kunsan National University
  • Universidade Estadual Paulista (UNESP)
Most studies on the antioxidants, lipoic acid (LA) and ascorbic acid (AA), focused on species that, unlike teleost fish, are not scurvy-prone, and are able to synthesize AA. The antioxidant properties of LA may make it useful in aquaculture nutrition, but several effects must first be investigated, and we address here plasma free amino acids (FAA). In mammals, LA and AA in high doses were claimed to alter plasma FAA profile; to our knowledge, however, no data are available in fish. We therefore studied the effects of dietary LA and AA on plasma FAA in the South American teleost fish pacu, which is being used increasingly in aquaculture. LA treatment decreased concentrations of 18 of 23 individual FAA; specifically, dispensable and total FAA were significantly affected. Ornithine was elevated (+26%) in LA-treated fish and significantly decreased ratios of plasma [Arg]/[Orn] and other individual [FAA]/[Orn] were observed. LA and AA both affected sulfur FAA concentrations. Plasma cystine levels were significantly increased in the LA-supplemented groups. AA had little effect on most amino acids, and no interaction with LA was detected. AA supplementation did, however, significantly lower taurine (-42%) and cystathionine (-31%) levels in plasma. No effect on the branched chain:aromatic amino acid ratios was observed. The data indicate that at the dietary level studied, LA and AA independently affect selected plasma FAA in pacu, and suggest that any use of LA in particular as a dietary supplement should take into account an altered plasma FAA profile.
Issue Date: 
Journal of Nutrition, v. 134, n. 11, p. 2930-2934, 2004.
Time Duration: 
  • Antioxidant
  • Ascorbic acid
  • Free amino acids
  • Lipoic acid
  • Teleost
  • amino acid
  • antioxidant
  • arginine
  • ascorbic acid
  • cystathionine
  • cystine
  • ornithine
  • sulfur amino acid
  • taurine
  • thioctic acid
  • amino acid blood level
  • amino acid metabolism
  • amino acid synthesis
  • analytic method
  • animal experiment
  • antioxidant activity
  • aquaculture
  • blood sampling
  • controlled study
  • diet supplementation
  • dietary intake
  • food composition
  • nitrogen metabolism
  • nonhuman
  • nutritional support
  • Piaractus mesopotamicus
  • teleost
  • Amino Acids
  • Animals
  • Antioxidants
  • Ascorbic Acid
  • Cystathionine
  • Diet
  • Fishes
  • Taurine
  • Thioctic Acid
  • Animalia
  • Mammalia
  • Piaractus
  • teleost fish
  • Teleostei
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Appears in Collections:Artigos, TCCs, Teses e Dissertações da Unesp

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