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Vertical migration during tidal transport of megalopae of Necora puber in coastal shallow waters during daytime
  • University of Plymouth
  • Universidade Estadual Paulista (UNESP)
  • Marine Ecology Laboratories A11
For meroplanktonic larvae that must settle in coastal areas, their successful return to the shore is determined largely by physical transport processes; however, many organisms perform vertical movements to aid successful recruitment. In this study, daytime tidal vertical migration of megalopae of the velvet swimming crab Necora puber was investigated across two different exposures in the shallow waters of Plymouth Sound. Crabs were collected using a plankton net at the surface and near the bottom during flood and ebb tides. Distribution of the pelagic postlarvae was patchy and the abundance varied spatially in tens and thousands of metres. In temporal scales, the annual pattern was dominated by low occurrence of megalopae, punctuated by episodic peaks of high abundance. Most megalopae were collected at the surface irrespective of the tidal phase. The effect of wave exposure on the vertical migration of megalopae was not clear, although there was a general higher abundance of megalopae on exposed shores. Daytime abundance in the water column appears to be regulated by the tidal cycle, as megalopae were more abundant during flood than ebb tides. Although the megalopae do not appear to make large vertical migrations, this behaviour should produce a net shoreward transport. © 2005 Elsevier Ltd. All rights reserved.
Issue Date: 
Estuarine, Coastal and Shelf Science, v. 65, n. 3, p. 396-404, 2005.
Time Duration: 
  • Brachyura
  • Decapoda
  • Portunidae
  • Recruitment
  • Selective tidal stream transport
  • Velvet swimming crab
  • coastal water
  • larva
  • tidal current
  • vertical migration
  • Decapoda (Crustacea)
  • Necora puber
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Appears in Collections:Artigos, TCCs, Teses e Dissertações da Unesp

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