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Liposomal daunorubicin and dexamethasone as a treatment for multiple myeloma - The DD protocol
  • Hospital Sírio-Libanês
  • Universidade de São Paulo (USP)
  • Faculdade de Ciências Médicas da Santa Casa de São Paulo
  • Universidade Estadual Paulista (UNESP)
  • Faculdade de Medicina de Taubaté
  • Santa Casa Hospital
  • Av. Dr. Eneas Carvalho Aguiar 155
Context and Objective: Lipasomial daunorubicin has been used to treat hematological malignancies, including multiple myelomo (MM). The goal was to evaluate efficacy, side-effects and toxicity of liposomal daunorubicin and dexamethasone (DD Protocol). Design and Setting: Prospective study of Sírio-Libonês, São Camilo, Brasil and Alemão Oswaldo Cruz hospitals. Methods: Twenty consecutive patients with active MM received four cycles of liposomal daunorubicin intravenously for two hours (25-30 mg/m 2/day) on three consecutive days per month, with oral dexamethasone, (10 mg every six hours) on four consecutive days three times a month. Results: The male/female ratio was 1:1 and median age 60. Nine patients were stage IIA, ten IIIA and one IIIB. The median from diagnosis to starting DD was 13 months. All patients received four cycles, except one. Fifteen had already received chemotherapy before DD. Responses of > 50% reduction in serum monoclonal paraprotein were observed in six patients after first cycle (30%), six after second (30%) and four after third (20%), while four (20%) did not obtain this. Initially, 17 patients (85%) had anemia: 12 (70%) achieved correction. Progressive disease was observed in three patients (15%), while one had minimal response, four (20%) partial and 12 (60%) complete. Hemotologlical toxicity was acceptable: three patients (15%) had neutrophils < 1,000/mm 3; none had thrombocyfopenia. Gastrointestinal toxicity was mild: nausea (10%), anorexio (15%) and no vomiting. Conclusions: This treatment has mild toxicity and good response rate. It may therefore be feasible before autologous bone marraw transplantation.
Issue Date: 
Sao Paulo Medical Journal, v. 123, n. 6, p. 266-270, 2005.
Time Duration: 
  • Daunorubicin
  • Dexamethasone
  • Drug theraphy
  • Drug toxicity
  • Multiple myeloma
  • bleomycin
  • cyclophosphamide
  • daunorubicin
  • dexamethasone
  • doxorubicin
  • liposome
  • melphalan
  • paraprotein
  • prednisone
  • vincristine
  • adult
  • aged
  • alopecia
  • anemia
  • anorexia
  • asthenia
  • autologous bone marrow transplantation
  • Brazil
  • cancer combination chemotherapy
  • cancer growth
  • cancer staging
  • cardiotoxicity
  • clinical article
  • clinical trial
  • controlled clinical trial
  • controlled study
  • dose response
  • drug efficacy
  • drug fatality
  • drug response
  • drug safety
  • feasibility study
  • female
  • gastrointestinal symptom
  • hematologic malignancy
  • human
  • male
  • multiple myeloma
  • nausea
  • neutropenia
  • pneumonia
  • prospective study
  • protein blood level
  • thrombocytopenia
  • urinary tract infection
  • vomiting
  • Adult
  • Aged
  • Antineoplastic Combined Chemotherapy Protocols
  • Drug Administration Schedule
  • Female
  • Humans
  • Liposomes
  • Male
  • Middle Aged
  • Multiple Myeloma
  • Paraproteins
  • Prospective Studies
  • Treatment Outcome
Access Rights: 
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Appears in Collections:Artigos, TCCs, Teses e Dissertações da Unesp

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