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Spontaneous eye blink analysis in the normal individual
  • Universidade Estadual Paulista (UNESP)
  • Ribeirão Preto School of Medicine
  • 0167-6830
  • 1744-5108
Purpose: Spontaneous eye blink activity in the primary eye position and its relationship to age and gender were assessed using digital image processing techniques to quantify blink opening and closing time. Methods: One hundred-and-eighty healthy volunteers (90 males and 90 females), divided into the age groups 0-3, 4-12, 13-20, 21-40, 41-60 and ≥60 years old, were evaluated prospectively. They were videotaped digitally in a standard setting and the images were transferred to a personal computer (Macintosh 400) and processed with the iMovie software. Blink opening and closing time were measured at 30 frames/second. The data were then subjected to statistical analysis. Results: The closing time was significantly longer than the opening time for all ages and both genders. Elderly individuals (≥41 years old) and women had significantly longer closing times. Conclusion: Image processing techniques made possible the observation of differences in spontaneous eye blink opening and closing time in relation to age and gender. Copyright © 2005 Taylor & Francis LLC.
Issue Date: 
Orbit, v. 24, n. 4, p. 239-242, 2005.
Time Duration: 
  • Blink closing time
  • Blink opening time
  • Digital image processing
  • Spontaneous eye blink
  • adolescent
  • adult
  • aged
  • child
  • computer analysis
  • computer program
  • eye position
  • eyelid closure
  • eyelid reflex
  • female
  • gender
  • groups by age
  • human
  • human experiment
  • image processing
  • infant
  • male
  • measurement
  • microcomputer
  • newborn
  • normal human
  • prospective study
  • quantitative analysis
  • sex difference
  • statistical analysis
  • statistical significance
  • videorecording
  • Adolescent
  • Adult
  • Age Factors
  • Blinking
  • Child
  • Child, Preschool
  • Female
  • Humans
  • Image Processing, Computer-Assisted
  • Infant
  • Infant, Newborn
  • Male
  • Middle Aged
  • Prospective Studies
  • Sex Factors
  • Statistics, Nonparametric
  • Videotape Recording
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Appears in Collections:Artigos, TCCs, Teses e Dissertações da Unesp

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