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- Foraging activity and demographic patterns of two termite species (Isoptera: Rhinotermitidae) living in urban landscapes in southeastern Brazil
- Universidade de São Paulo (USP)
- Universidade Estadual Paulista (UNESP)
- Coptotermes gestroi and Heterotermes tenuis (Isoptera: Rbinotermitidae) are important pests in southeastern Brazil causing serious economic damage. In this study we determined the demographic patterns and foraging activity of these species using mark-release-recapture and the consumption of wooden stakes. Using both the weighted mean and Lincoln index methods, population estimates ranged from ≈ 0.57 to 1.99 million individuals for C. gestroi and from ≈ 0.20 to 1.37 million for H. tenuis. Territory size of the colonies ranged from 172.5 to 5235 m 2 for C. gestroi and from 16 to 40 m 2 for H. tenuis. Our results also indicate that foraging activity was dependent on the minimum temperature; however, the existence of a compensation strategy in the foraging activities may permit foragers to exploit food sources under different environmental conditions.
- European Journal of Entomology, v. 102, n. 4, p. 691-697, 2005.
- Subterranean termites
- Territory size
- Wood consumption
- Foraging behavior
- Mark-recapture method
- Pest species
- Urban ecosystem
- South America
- Coptotermes gestroi
- Heterotermes tenuis
- Acesso restrito
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