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- Faecal contamination (viral and bacteria) detection in groundwater used for drinking purposes in São Paulo, Brazil
- Universidade Estadual Paulista (UNESP)
- Universidade de São Paulo (USP)
- This project has been developed to evaluate the possible relationship between the cesspit (pit latrine) in as far as it degrades the quality of underground water. Its importance is due to the fact that in the rural communities in the State of São Paulo (Brazil) this type of cesspit is very common as a means of sewage disposal and these communities use underground water for their supply of drinking water. Rural properties distributed over the rural area in the municipality of São José do Rio Preto were selected. A preliminary study was then set up to determine the social situation and health of the households as well as qualitative evaluations on the type of water supply and sewage disposal of these communities. Campaigns of water sampling then followed and laboratory analyses of water taken from wells were carried out. Parameters were set up to evaluate the potability according to Brazilian legislation (2004) paying attention to microbiologic (coliforms, Crytosporidium sp., and adenovirus). The analyses showed evidence of possible interaction between the wells and the sewage effluents and drainage in these communities. A PCR reaction to detect adenovirus showed a presence in 53.3% of the samples. The tests for the detection of Cryotosporidium sp all showed a negative result.
- Geomicrobiology Journal, v. 23, n. 5, p. 279-283, 2006.
- Groundwater degradation
- detection method
- drinking water
- groundwater pollution
- Sao Paulo [Brazil]
- South America
- Bacteria (microorganisms)
- Acesso restrito
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