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Local and regional features of surface radiation fluxes over the tropical Atlantic ocean near Sao Pedro and Sao Paulo archipelago: Evidence of small scale upwelling
  • Universidade de São Paulo (USP)
  • Universidade Estadual Paulista (UNESP)
To properly describe the interactions between the ocean and atmosphere, it is necessary to assess a variety of time and spatial scales phenomena. Here, high resolution oceanographic and meteorological data collected during an observational campaign carried out aboard a ship in the tropical Atlantic Ocean, on May 15-24, 2002, is used to describe the radiation balance at the ocean interface. Data collected by two PIRATA buoys, along the equator at 23°W and 35°W and satellite and climate data are compared with the data obtained during the observational campaign. Comparison indicates remarkable similarity for daily and hourly values of radiation fluxes components as consequence of the temporal and spatial consistence presented by the air and water temperatures measured in situ and estimated from large scale information. The discrepancy, mainly in the Sao Pedro and Sao Paulo Archipelago area, seems to be associated to the local upwelling of cold water, which is not detected in all other estimates investigated here. More in situ data are necessary to clarify whether this upwelling flow has a larger scale effect and what are the meteorological and oceanographic implications of the local upwelling area on the tropical waters at the Brazilian coast.
Issue Date: 
Nature Environment and Pollution Technology, v. 11, n. 4, p. 541-548, 2012.
Time Duration: 
  • Archipelago
  • Radiation balance
  • Sao Pedro and Sao Paulo
  • Tropical Atlantic Ocean
  • Upwelling
  • Sao Paulo
  • Tropical atlantic
  • Meteorology
  • Ocean habitats
  • comparative study
  • radiation balance
  • satellite data
  • spatiotemporal analysis
  • upwelling
  • Atlantic Ocean
  • Atlantic Ocean (Tropical)
  • Brazil
  • Sao Paulo [Brazil]
  • Sao Pedro
Access Rights: 
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Appears in Collections:Artigos, TCCs, Teses e Dissertações da Unesp

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