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Experimental development of bisphosphonate-related osteonecrosis of the jaws in rodents
Universidade Estadual Paulista (UNESP)
  • 0959-9673
  • 1365-2613
Osteonecrosis of the jaw (ONJ) following the use of bisphosphonates has become of increased interest in the scientific community, due in particular to its as-yet-unsolved pathogenesis. An experimental model of ONJ was induced in normal male rats [alendronate (ALN); 1 mg/Kg/day; n = 10] and matched controls (saline solution; n = 10). After 60 days of drug treatment, all animals were subjected to extractions of the left first lower molars and were euthanized at 3 and 28 days postsurgery. The following analyses were performed: (i) descriptive and quantitative (scores) histological evaluation, (ii) stereometry of distal sockets and (iii) biochemical measurement of C-telopeptide cross-linked collagen type I (CTX) and bone-specific alkaline phosphatase (BALP). The results showed that 28 days postsurgery the animals treated with ALN had areas of exposed and necrotic bone, associated with significant infection, especially in the interalveolar septum area and crestal regions, compared with controls. The levels of CTX, BALP and bone volume, as well as the degrees of inflammation and vascularization, were significantly reduced in these animals. Therefore, analysis of the data presented suggests that ALN therapy is associated with the development of osteonecrosis in the jaws of rodents after tooth extraction. © 2012 International Journal of Experimental Pathology.
Issue Date: 
International Journal of Experimental Pathology, v. 94, n. 1, p. 65-73, 2013.
Time Duration: 
  • Alendronate
  • Osteonecrosis
  • Tooth extraction
  • alendronic acid
  • alkaline phosphatase bone isoenzyme
  • carboxy terminal telopeptide
  • sodium chloride
  • animal experiment
  • animal model
  • animal tissue
  • bone mass
  • controlled study
  • experimental study
  • histopathology
  • jaw osteonecrosis
  • male
  • molar tooth
  • nonhuman
  • priority journal
  • rat
  • rodent
  • tooth extraction
  • vascularization
  • Alkaline Phosphatase
  • Animals
  • Biological Markers
  • Bisphosphonate-Associated Osteonecrosis of the Jaw
  • Bone Remodeling
  • Collagen Type I
  • Disease Models, Animal
  • Jaw
  • Male
  • Molar
  • Peptides
  • Rats
  • Time Factors
  • Tooth Extraction
  • Weight Gain
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Appears in Collections:Artigos, TCCs, Teses e Dissertações da Unesp

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