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Absence of RKIP expression is an independent prognostic biomarker for gastric cancer patients
  • University of Minho
  • ICVS/3B's - PT Government Associate Laboratory
  • Universidade de São Paulo (USP)
  • Barretos Cancer Hospital
  • Universidade Estadual Paulista (UNESP)
  • 1021-335X
  • 1791-2431
Gastric cancer is a leading cause of cancer-related mortality, and the presence of lymph node metastasis an important prognostic factor. Downregulation of RKIP has been associated with tumor progression and metastasis in several types of neoplasms, being currently categorized as a metastasis suppressor gene. Our aim was to determine the expression levels of RKIP in gastric tissues and to evaluate its impact in the clinical outcome of gastric carcinoma patients. RKIP expression levels were studied by immunohistochemistry in a series of gastric tissues. Overall, we analysed 222 non-neoplastic gastric tissues, 152 primary tumors and 42 lymph node metastasis samples. We observed that RKIP was highly expressed in ∼83% of non-neoplastic tissues (including normal tissue and metaplasia), was lost in ∼56% of primary tumors and in ∼90% of lymph node metastasis samples. Loss of RKIP expression was significantly associated with several markers of poor clinical outcome, including the presence of lymph node metastasis. Furthermore, the absence of RKIP protein constitutes an independent prognostic marker for these patients. In conclusion, RKIP expression is significantly lost during gastric carcinoma progression being almost absent in lymph node metastasis samples. Of note, we showed that the absence of RKIP expression is associated with poor outcome features of gastric cancer patients, this being also an independent prognostic marker.
Issue Date: 
Oncology Reports, v. 29, n. 2, p. 690-696, 2013.
Time Duration: 
  • Gastric carcinomas
  • Prognosis
  • RKIP
  • biological marker
  • phosphatidylethanolamine binding protein
  • adult
  • aged
  • cancer grading
  • cancer incidence
  • cancer patient
  • cancer prognosis
  • cancer staging
  • controlled study
  • female
  • human
  • human tissue
  • immunohistochemistry
  • lymph node metastasis
  • major clinical study
  • male
  • metaplasia
  • primary tumor
  • priority journal
  • protein expression
  • stomach cancer
  • stomach carcinoma
  • tissue microarray
  • tumor volume
  • Adult
  • Aged
  • Aged, 80 and over
  • Carcinoma
  • Chi-Square Distribution
  • Female
  • Humans
  • Kaplan-Meier Estimate
  • Lymphatic Metastasis
  • Male
  • Middle Aged
  • Multivariate Analysis
  • Phosphatidylethanolamine Binding Protein
  • Proportional Hazards Models
  • Stomach Neoplasms
  • Tumor Markers, Biological
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Appears in Collections:Artigos, TCCs, Teses e Dissertações da Unesp

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