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Involvement of central cholinergic mechanisms on sodium intake induced by gabaergic activation of the lateral parabrachial nucleus
Universidade Estadual Paulista (UNESP)
  • 0304-3940
  • 1872-7972
Bilateral injections of the GABAA agonist muscimol into the lateral parabrachial nucleus (LPBN) disrupt satiety and induce strong ingestion of water and 0.3M NaCl in fluid-replete rats by mechanisms not completely clear. In the present study, we investigated the effects of the blockade of central muscarinic cholinergic receptors with atropine injected intracerebroventricularly (i.c.v.) on 0.3M NaCl and water intake induced by muscimol injections into the LPBN in fluid-replete rats. Male Holtzman rats with stainless steel cannulas implanted bilaterally into the LPBN and unilaterally into the lateral ventricle (LV) were used. Bilateral injections of muscimol (0.5nmol/0.2μL) into the LPBN induced 0.3M NaCl (32.2±9.9mL/4h, vs. saline: 0.4±0.2mL/4h) and water intake (11.4±4.4mL/4h, vs. saline: 0.8±0.4mL/4h) in fluid-replete rats previously treated with i.c.v. injection of saline. The previous i.c.v. injection of atropine (20nmol/1μL) reduced the effects of LPBN-muscimol on 0.3M NaCl (13.5±5.0mL/4h) and water intake (2.9±1.6mL/4h). The i.c.v. injection of atropine did not affect 0.3M NaCl (26.8±6.2mL/2h, vs. saline i.c.v.: 36.5±9.8mL/2h) or water intake (14.4±2.5mL/2h, vs. saline i.c.v.: 15.6±4.8mL/2h) in rats treated with furosemide+captopril subcutaneously combined with bilateral injections of moxonidine (α2-adrenoceptor/imidazoline agonist, 0.5nmol/0.2μL) into the LPBN, suggesting that the effect of atropine was not due to non-specific inhibition of ingestive behaviors. The results show that active central cholinergic mechanisms are necessary for the hypertonic NaCl and water intake induced by the blockade of the inhibitory mechanisms with injections of muscimol into the LPBN in fluid-replete rats. The suggestion is that in fluid-replete rats the action of LPBN mechanisms inhibits facilitatory signals produced by the activity of central cholinergic mechanisms to maintain satiety. © 2012 Elsevier B.V.
Issue Date: 
Neuroscience Letters, v. 534, n. 1, p. 188-192, 2013.
Time Duration: 
  • GABAA receptor
  • Muscarinic receptor
  • Sodium appetite
  • Sodium satiety
  • Thirst
  • atropine
  • captopril
  • furosemide
  • moxonidine
  • muscarinic receptor
  • muscimol
  • sodium
  • water
  • animal experiment
  • controlled study
  • fluid intake
  • GABAergic system
  • histology
  • lateral brain ventricle
  • male
  • nonhuman
  • parabrachial nucleus
  • priority journal
  • rat
  • satiety
  • signal transduction
  • sodium intake
  • Angiotensin Receptor Antagonists
  • Angiotensin-Converting Enzyme Inhibitors
  • Animals
  • Atropine
  • Captopril
  • Diuretics
  • Drinking
  • Eating
  • Furosemide
  • GABA Agonists
  • Imidazoles
  • Injections, Intraventricular
  • Losartan
  • Male
  • Muscarinic Antagonists
  • Muscimol
  • Pons
  • Rats
  • Rats, Sprague-Dawley
  • Receptors, GABA-A
  • Receptors, Muscarinic
  • Sodium Chloride
Access Rights: 
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Appears in Collections:Artigos, TCCs, Teses e Dissertações da Unesp

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