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- Desmame precoce: Falta de conhecimento ou de acompanhamento?
- Early weaning: Lack of knowledge or lack of follow up?
- Universidade Estadual Paulista (UNESP)
- Objective: To assess the knowledge of women and the instructions received on breastfeeding during pregnancy and after childbirth, and their influence on breastfeeding practice. Method: This study was a longitudinal investigation following 84 pairs of mothers and babies from pregnancy through the sixth month of baby's life. In the first phase of the research, interviews were made with the pregnant women at home and at Basic Health Units to collect information about their intentions and knowledge of breastfeeding. In the second phase of the research, mothers and babies were followed up from the first to sixth month of baby's life to record the difficulties of breastfeeding and reasons for weaning. Results: In the first month, 94.3% (82) of the babies were breastfed, but only 49.4% (43) were breastfed exclusively. At the end of the sixth month of life, 43.7% (38) of the babies had already been weaned. No mother breastfed exclusively her baby within the sixth month. During pregnancy, 60.7% (51) of the mothers had no instructions about breastfeeding and 83.4% (70) of the mothers received instructions on breastfeeding after childbirth. Most mothers (76.2%) knew about the ideal breastfeeding period. Seventy-three (86.9%) mothers believed that breastfeeding was beneficial for the baby, but only 41 (48.8%) of them really breastfed. Only 11 (13.1%) mothers were followed up by the public health system team during lactation. Conclusion: Although most women had been instructed during pregnancy or after childbirth and had knowledge of breastfeeding, early weaning occurred. Advising is important, but the support and follow up of the mothers are of utmost importance for a successful breastfeeding practice.
- Pesquisa Brasileira em Odontopediatria e Clinica Integrada, v. 13, n. 1, p. 53-59, 2013.
- Health education
- Acesso aberto
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