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Estimación de parámetros genéticos para producción de leche en el día de control en búfalas de primer parto
Other Titles: 
Estimation of genetic parameters for test-day milk yield in first calving buffaloes
  • Universidade Estadual Paulista (UNESP)
  • Universidad de Antioquia (UdeA)
  • Universidade Federal do Piauí (UFPI)
  • Colombian Ministry of Agriculture and Rural Development
  • Colombian Cattle Breeders Federation (FEDEGAN)
  • Fundação de Amparo à Pesquisa do Estado de São Paulo (FAPESP)
  • Universidad de Antioquia (UdeA)
  • Colombian Buffalo Breeders Association
Sponsorship Process Number: 
FAPESP: 09/53773-1
Background: the milk yield records measured along lactation provide an example of repeated measures; the random regression models are an appealing approach to model repeated measures and to estimate genetic parameters. Objective: to estimate the genetic parameters by modeling the additive genetic and the residual variance for test-day milk yield in first calving buffaloes. Methods: 3,986 test-day data from 1,246 first lactations of crossbred buffalo daughters of 23 sires and 391 dams between 1997 and 2008 from five farms were used. The model included the genetic and permanent environment additive as the random effect and the contemporary group (year, month of test-day) and age at calving as covariable (linear) fixed effects. The fixed (third order) and random (third to ninth order) regressions were obtained by Legendre polynomials. The residual variances were modeled with a homogeneous structure and various heterogeneous classes. The variance components were estimated using the WOMBAT statistical program (Meyer, 2006). Results: according to the likelihood ratio test, the best model included four variance classes, considering Legendre polynomials of the fourth order for permanent environment and additive genetic effects. The heritabilities estimates were low, varying from 0.0 to 0.14. The estimates of genetic correlations were high and positive among PDC1 and PDC8, except for PCD9, which was negative. This indicates that for any of the selection criteria adopted, the indirect genetic gain is expected for all lactation curves, except for PCD9. Conclusion: heterogeneity of residual variances should be considered in models whose goal is to examine the alterations of variances according to day of lactation.
Issue Date: 
Revista Colombiana de Ciencias Pecuarias, v. 26, n. 3, p. 177-185, 2013.
Time Duration: 
  • Biomodeling
  • Genetic correlations
  • Legendre polynomials
  • Random regression models
Access Rights: 
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Appears in Collections:Artigos, TCCs, Teses e Dissertações da Unesp

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