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- Morphofunctional evaluation of thymus in hyperglycemic-hypoinsulinemic mice during dermatophytic infection
- Universidade Estadual Paulista (UNESP)
- Universidade Federal de São Paulo (UNIFESP)
- Fundação de Amparo à Pesquisa do Estado de São Paulo (FAPESP)
- Many works have shown that the enhanced susceptibility to infection seen in diabetic patients can be related to the hyperglycemia-hypoinsulinemia (HH) observed in this condition. Herein, we evaluated the HH effects on the morphofunctional features of the thymus as well as on dermatophytic infection. We demonstrated that, not only the HH condition but also the dermatophytic infection induced transitory alterations in the thymus; it was characterized by loss of cortical-medullar definition and disorganization of the extracellular matrix. These mice also showed a decrease of CD4+CD8+ thymocytes and a higher percentage of CD4+CD8+ lymphocytes in the peripheral blood. After 7 days, the thymus and peripheral lymphocytes subsets returned to normal values. Interestingly, when the two conditions, HH condition and the infection, were associated, the mice showed a decrease in the percentage of CD4+CD8- blood lymphocytes that are involved in the modulation of immune response and have direct cytotoxic effects on the fungus. Taken together, our results showed that both conditions transitorily changed the thymus, but only when both these conditions are present do they trigger persistent changes that might be responsible for the higher susceptibility to dermatophytosis seen in HH patients.
- Fems Immunology and Medical Microbiology. Malden: Wiley-blackwell, v. 62, n. 1, p. 32-40, 2011.
- experimental diabetes
- T lymphocytes subsets
- Acesso restrito
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