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- Ecological efficiency in CHP: Biodiesel case
- Universidade Estadual Paulista (UNESP)
- Universidade de São Paulo (USP)
- Department of Energy of FEG-UNESP (São Paulo State University)
- FDCT-Foundation for Scientifical Technological Development (UNESP)
- This paper evaluates and quantifies the environmental impact resulting from the combination of biodiesel fuel (pure or blended with diesel), and diesel combustion in thermoelectric power plants that utilize combined cycle technology (CC). In regions without natural gas, the option was to utilize diesel fuel; the consequence would be a greater emission of pollutants. Biodiesel is a renewable fuel which has been considerably interesting in Brazil power matrix in recent years. The concept of ecological efficiency, largely evaluates the environmental impact caused by CO(2), SO(2), NO(x) and particle matter (PM) emissions. The pollution resulting from biodiesel and diesel combustion is analyzed, separately considering CO(2), SO(2), NO(x) and particulate matter gas emissions, and comparing them international standards currently used regarding air quality. It can be concluded that it is possible to calculate the qualitative environmental factor, and the ecological effect, from a thermoelectric power plant utilizing central heat power (CHP) of combined cycle. The ecological efficiency for pure biodiesel fuel (B100) is 98.16%; for biodiesel blended with conventional diesel fuel, B20 (20% biodiesel and 80% diesel) is 93.19%. Finally, ecological efficiency for conventional diesel is 92.18%, as long as a thermal efficiency of 55% for thermoelectric power plants occurs. Crown Copyright (C) 2009 Published by Elsevier Ltd. All rights reserved.
- Applied Thermal Engineering. Oxford: Pergamon-Elsevier B.V. Ltd, v. 30, n. 5, p. 458-463, 2010.
- Pergamon-Elsevier B.V. Ltd
- Ecological efficiency
- Environmental impact
- Gas turbine
- Acesso restrito
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