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Please use this identifier to cite or link to this item: http://acervodigital.unesp.br/handle/unesp/360940
Title: 
Local behavior of a polynomial near a root
Author(s): 
Beck, George
Language: 
eng
Description: 
  • Algebra, Analytic Geometry, Calculus, Polynomials
  • All properties described only hold locally near the root. For example, a locally increasing function may decrease a short distance away. If a is a root of the polynomial p(x), then p(x) can be factored as p(x) = (x-a)^n q(x), where n is a positive integer and q(x) is another polynomial without a root at a. The number n is called the degree of the root. If the roots of the polynomial are all real, the sum of the degrees of all the roots is the degree of the polynomial. The local behavior of a polynomial p(x) at a root depends on whether the degree of the root is even or odd; the linear term of p(x) is positive, zero, or negative; and the sign of its leading coefficient is positive or negative – a total of twelve possible cases. The higher the degree, the flatter the function near the root. If the degree of the root is odd, there is an inflection point at the root. If the degree of the root is even, there is a maximum or minimum at or near the root. Suppose the coefficient of the linear term is zero, so that the function has a critical point at the root. If the degree of the root is even, there is a minimum or maximum at the root, depending on whether the sign of x^n is positive or negative. If the degree of the root is odd, there is a flat inflection point at the root, and the function is nondecreasing or nonincreasing near the root according to whether the sign of the leading coefficient of p(x) is positive or negative
  • Componente Curricular::Educação Superior::Ciências Exatas e da Terra::Matemática
Issue Date: 
  • 19-Sep-2008
  • 19-Sep-2008
  • 2008
  • 19-Sep-2008
  • 15-Sep-2008
Publisher: 
Wolfram Demonstration Project
Keywords: 
  • Polynomial
  • Educação Superior::Ciências Exatas e da Terra::Matemática::Álgebra
Credits: 
This demonstration needs the "MathematicaPlayer.exe" to run. Found in http://objetoseducacionais2.mec.gov.br/handle/mec/4737
Source: 
http://objetoseducacionais2.mec.gov.br/handle/mec/5504
URI: 
http://acervodigital.unesp.br/handle/unesp/360940
Rights: 
Demonstration freeware using Mathematica Player
Type: 
outro
Appears in Collections:MEC - Objetos Educacionais (BIOE) - OE

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