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- Severe food restriction induces myocardial dysfunction related to SERCA2 activity
- Universidade Estadual Paulista (UNESP)
- Fac Integradas Bauru
- Fundação de Amparo à Pesquisa do Estado de São Paulo (FAPESP)
- Conselho Nacional de Desenvolvimento Científico e Tecnológico (CNPq)
- Faculty of Medicine, UNESP-Botucatu
- FAPESP: 02/12314-5
- CNPq: 302502/2004-1
- Previous studies have shown that food restriction promotes myocardial dysfunction in rats. However, the molecular mechanisms that are responsible are unclear. We investigated the role of sarcoplasmic reticulum Ca(2+)-ATPase (SERCA2) on myocardial performance in food-restricted rats. Male Wistar-Kyoto rats, 60 days old, were fed a control or restricted diet (daily energy intake reduced to 50% of the control) for 90 days. Expression of Serca2a, phospholamban (PLB), Na(+)/Ca(2+) exchanger (NCX), and thyroid hormone receptor (TR alpha 1, TR beta 1) mRNA was determined by quantitative PCR. SERCA2 activity was measured by using 20 mu mol/L cyclopiazonic acid (CPA) in a left ventricular papillary muscle preparation during isometric contraction in basal conditions and during post-rest contraction. Serum concentrations of thyroxine (T(4)) and thyrotropin (TSH) were also determined. The 50%-restricted diet reduced body and ventricular weight and serum T4 and TSH levels. The interaction of CPA and food restriction reduced peak developed tension and maximum rate of tension decline (-dT/dt), but increased the resting tension intensity response during post-rest contraction. PLB and NCX mRNA were upregulated and TR alpha 1 mRNA was downregulated by food restriction. These results suggest that food restriction promotes myocardial dysfunction related to impairment of sarcoplasmic reticulum Ca(2+) uptake as a result of a hypothyroid state.
- Canadian Journal of Physiology and Pharmacology. Ottawa: Natl Research Council Canada-n R C Research Press, v. 87, n. 9, p. 666-673, 2009.
- Natl Research Council Canada-n R C Research Press
- cyclopiazonic acid
- calcium handling
- food restriction
- myocardial function
- thyroid hormone
- Acesso restrito
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