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Culture-dependent and culture-independent characterization of microorganisms associated with Aedes aegypti (Diptera: Culicidae) (L.) and dynamics of bacterial colonization in the midgut
  • Universidade Estadual do Norte Fluminense Darcy Ribeiro (UENF)
  • Inst Fed Educ Ciência & Tecnol Fluminense IFF
  • Universidade de São Paulo (USP)
  • Universidade Estadual Paulista (UNESP)
  • Fundação de Amparo à Pesquisa do Estado do Rio de Janeiro (FAPERJ)
  • Conselho Nacional de Desenvolvimento Científico e Tecnológico (CNPq)
In this work we show that the lumen of Aedes aegypti midgut is highly colonized by bacteria that were identified by culture-dependent and culture-independent methods. rDNA sequences obtained were compared with those from GenBank and the main bacterial genera identified were: Serratia, Klebsiella, Asaia, Bacillus, Enterococcus, Enterobacter, Kluyvera and Pantoea. All genera were identified in midgut except Enterobacter that was observed only in eggs. Asaia and Pantoea were also identified in eggs and ovary, respectively. In addition two yeast genera were observed in A. aegypti: Pichia isolated from midgut and Candida identified in midgut and ovary. The genus Serratia was dominant in all isolation assays representing 54.5% of the total of microorganisms. Thirty-nine and 24 bacterial clones were successfully obtained from midguts 24 and 48 h after blood feeding (ABF), respectively. The majority of clones obtained were from Serratia sp. (48.7% and 50% for 24 and 48 h ABF, respectively). Light microscopy showed that bacteria were located preferentially in the posterior midgut, around the blood meal and associated with peritrophic matrix. Scanning electron microscopy images showed a high number of bacteria in midgut during blood digestion and the peak of bacterial enumeration was reached 48 h ABF, stage in which lumen was almost totally occupied by bacteria that were also interacting with epithelial microvilli. Our results show the dynamics of microbial colonization and their distribution in midgut during blood digestion. (C) 2010 Elsevier B.V. All rights reserved.
Issue Date: 
Acta Tropica. Amsterdam: Elsevier B.V., v. 115, n. 3, p. 275-281, 2010.
Time Duration: 
Elsevier B.V.
  • Aedes aegypti
  • Midgut
  • Bacterial colonization
  • Serratia
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Appears in Collections:Artigos, TCCs, Teses e Dissertações da Unesp

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